Glossary of Cognitive Skills

What are Cognitive Skills?

There are seven categories of cognitive skills that, when weak, contribute to struggles with thinking, reading, learning, memory, and attention. Our programs target and strengthen these skills. The cognitive skills that our programs improve include the following:

Long-term Memory: The ability to recall information that was stored in the past.

Processing Speed: The ability to perform simple or complex cognitive tasks.

Logic & Reasoning: The ability to reason, form concepts, and solve problems using unfamiliar information or new procedures.

Short-term Memory: The ability to apprehend and hold information in immediate awareness while simultaneously performing a mental operation.

Visual processing: The ability to perceive, analyze, and think in visual images.

Auditory processing (phonemic awareness): The ability to analyze, blend, and segment sounds.

Attention (three types): Sustained attention is the ability to stay on task for an extended period of time; selective attention is the ability to stay focused and not get distracted; divided attention is the ability to handle more than one task at a time.


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BrainRx Brain Training programs are only available outside of the United States. If you are looking for help and you live in the United States, visit LearningRx is the parent company of BrainRx.

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